It is a skin disorder characterized by the presence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and in some cases, cysts or nodules.

What is Acne?

Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can trigger an increase in sebum (oil) production. Elevated levels of androgens (male hormones) can stimulate the sebaceous glands

Hormonal Changes

The sebaceous glands can become overactive, leading to an excess of oil. This oil can mix with dead skin cells and bacteria, clogging hair follicles and contributing to acne formation.

Excess Sebum

 An overgrowth of bacteria Cutibacterium acnes within hair follicles can lead to inflammation and the development of acne.

Bacterial Overgrowth

When hair follicles become clogged, the body's immune response can trigger inflammation. This results in redness, swelling, and the formation of acne lesions.


Family history can play a role in predisposing individuals to acne. If your parents or close relatives had acne, you may be more likely to develop it as well.


High intake of dairy products, oil and spicy food and foods with a high glycemic index (such as sugary and processed foods) may exacerbate acne in certain individuals.


Stress can trigger hormonal changes that affect sebum production and contribute to the development of acne. Stress can lead to touching or picking at the skin, which can worsen acne.


Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, lithium, and anticonvulsants, may contribute to the onset or exacerbation of acne in some individuals.


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